Category Archives: Medications


januviaJanuvia is a once daily solution for type 2 diabetes. An individual that has been diagnosed with type 1, should not take this kind of tablet. With the correct lifestyle change of diet and exercise, this pill can control and maintain safe levels of glucose in the system. It works with the pancreas to provide enough insulin naturally. It enhances the need to digest harmful sugars and carbohydrates in the system quickly and effectively. An individual can safely use the Januvia with other diabetes medication. However, never mix medications without prior consent for an individual’s doctor. Long-term damage can happen if the proper medication is not taken. This medication has not been tested with an insulin treatment.

An individual will discuss with their doctor on the finer points of taking this medication. A medical care provider may lower or up the dose. This depends on the individual’s system requirements as well as lifestyle. With controlled diet and exercise, this pill may be the only medication that is needed. The doctor will decide on the correct treatment for each individual’s case. There is certain information that a person should be aware of when they use the Januvia tablets.

  1. An individual that has had allergic reactions to diabetes medication should talk this over with their doctor. These are fairly rare but can be extremely dangerous.
  2. A person with problems with their kidneys should discuss this matter with their physician. Tests and adjustments to the medication may be need. In more severe cases, Januvia cannot be taken.
  3. When a woman is pregnant or thinking about becoming pregnant, the doctor should know. However, there are no known effects on an unborn baby when taking Januvia tablets. Nevertheless, this medication can be found in the mother’s milk. This can be harmful to a nursing infant. Consult a doctor on this matter for the best course of action.
  4. This medication does not need to be taken with food. However, it is vital to follow the physician’s instruction to a tee. It is also important to store these tablets in a dry, cool area. Do not refrigerate and keep away from heat and light sources.

An individual may experience mild side effects when taking the Januvia medication. It is important that the medical care provide has all of the patient’s history documentation. Side effects are usually rare; however some mild symptoms may appear. If an individual experiences anything out of the ordinary or symptoms persist, contact a doctor immediately. Most of the side effects are mild. Usually, these symptoms will leave by themselves. Typically, they do not bother an individual enough to stop taking the Januvia medication.

  1. Cold like symptoms can be present in the Januvia medication side effects. This is fairly common. It is important that a person does not take over-the-counter cold medication without first asking their doctor. If this persists longer than a common cold, an individual may wish to seek medical advice.
  2. Infections may occur and cause trouble breathing or a person may wheeze. This is a common problem, however if this becomes worse or lasts for a long period of time, seek medical advice.
  3. Headaches can come and go when taking the Januvia medication. If severe pain is present, seek medical attention right away. The mild headaches can be relieved for certain over-the-counter pills. Ask the doctor in charge on which kind should be consumed.
  4. Stomach problems may occur. However, the conditions are usually light and will go away on their own. If discomfort or severe pain is continuous, seek a physician’s assistance.

Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors

Alpha-Glucosidase InhibitorsAlpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors are a group of Diabetic medicines that help block the enzymes that breakdown particular carbohydrates in the upper area of the small intestine. This group of medicines is sometimes known as “starch blockers.” These medications are taken with the first bite of a meal, as they are perfect for treating postprandial hypoglycemia which is a quick rise in blood sugar after a meal.

Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors were first made available in the United States in the year 1995. Acarbose (Precose) was the first medication of its class to be approved. In 1999, Miglitol (Glyset) was introduced. These help people who suffer from either Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes.

This class of drugs helps stop immediate breakdown of starches into monosaccharide, or sugars. These would usually be absorbed in the bloodstream rather quickly, with the carbohydrates being absorbed more in the small intestine or close to the colon. When using this medication, it will help slow the absorption which will allow time for the pancreas to produce the right amount of insulin needed for the meal ingested.

Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors can be used with other types of medications and interact well. Used alone, Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors will not cause glucose sugar levels to go down, but if they are combined with other medications, there is a possibility of hypoglycemia occurring. Since these medications slow the absorption times, it will also slow down the effects you would normally get by drinking juice or eating a food with sugar when hypoglycemia happens. The best way to make sure you are prepared incase this occurs is by keeping pure glucose in gel or tablets with you.

Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors have side effects that many people may not want to bother with. Since these drugs affect the carbohydrate absorption in the small intestines, it can cause the individual to feel bloated, nauseous, and have gas and diarrhea. These side effects seem to dwindle away with time, but an easier way to avoid them altogether is by starting the doses off small and gradually working up to the most effective strength.

There are not been many studies done that involve children with Type 2 Diabetes taking a drug from this class. The FDA has not approved these for children as of now. Since most of these medications are fine for adults, many Doctors are still prescribing them for children with Diabetes.

The reason Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors are popular is because they have been proven to help people with Type 2 Diabetes who still cannot manage their blood sugar levels even with their diets and exercising. These medications are ideal for people who were just diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes with their sugar levels only a little over for Diabetes.

If you are interested in Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors, it might be a great option for you to look into. Talking with your doctor will help you see if it is right for you. You want to make sure it will interact with any other medications you might be taking. Choosing an Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitor can help you maintain a good blood sugar level and give you more freedom.


biguanidesMajority of Diabetes medications are used to assist in producing more insulin for the body. Sometimes a person may need something else depending on the issue, such as pancreas problems. If this is the case, Doctors will tell their patients about Biguanides, which is different from sulfonylureas and meglitinides because it does not help the pancreas in producing more insulin, Biguanides will ignore that organ and focus on another, which is the liver.

You may be wondering why you might find Biguanides a good option for you. When the liver is doing its normal job, it slows the release of glucose when there is enough insulin in the blood. That is a good indication that there is enough sugar. The problem happens if you suffer from Type 2 Diabetes. The liver does not understand that it should slow down the release of glucose. It will continue to release the glucose which in return makes insulin harder to work properly.

Biguanides have many good uses, but the most important is that it will help the liver stop its production of the glucose in the blood. This will mean the insulin demand will be less. Biguanides have a few better positives compared to sulfonylureas and meglitinides because they will not cause hypoglycemia and also will not assist on packing on extra weight. Some people will actually lose weight.

There have been studies done about Biguanides and how well the users do while taking them. They determined that Biguanides are just as effective as sulfonylurea medications when it came to lowering blood sugar levels in people with Type 2 Diabetes. It also was found to have reduced the risk of complications in people with Diabetes who were overweight. It also did not cause them to gain more pounds. They also determined that Biguanides, specifically Metformin are just as effective and safe for children who have Type 2 Diabetes.

Just like any other medications, there are side effects when taking Biguanides. About one-third of people who use Biguanides develop gastrointestinal problems which can include upset stomach, vomiting, gas, and diarrhea. The person may feel temporarily nauseas and have loss of appetite. Headaches and fatigue can also be symptoms from taking Biguanides. Usually if the person has any of these symptoms they are not for long. It will usually dim after a week or so. A way to avoid the side effects is by taking Biguanides in smaller dosages and eventually getting them larger.

Biguanides are some of the most prescribed medicines, but they are not a good match for everyone. People who drink a lot of alcohol, have kidney or liver disease, are pregnant, are over the age of 80, or have serious asthma or lung disease are not good with Biguanides. The doctor will help the individual find a different option to help with their needs.

Biguanides may be the right option for you. It is best to learn about the different types available and talk with your healthcare provider. You and your Doctor will be able to choose the right Biguanides medication for you.

DPP-4 Inhibitors

DPP-4 InhibitorsDipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) Inhibitors are a group of medications that present a new approach for people who suffer from Type 2 Diabetes. The way the DDP-4 Inhibitors work is unlike any other type of glucose-lowering medications. DDP-4 Inhibitors are used for enhancing the incretion system. The incretion system is a body system that naturally lowers blood sugar. If blood sugar is high, incretion works in two ways. One way is by helping the pancreas produce more insulin. When this happens, it will also trigger the liver to produce less glucose.

There are a few different DDP-4 Inhibitors available. One of the popular medications is Januvia. It is the first when it comes to DDP-4 Inhibitors. Januvia is an oral Diabetes medicine that helps control blood sugar levels. It regulates the amounts of sugar your body produces after eating food. Januvia is used for people with Type 2 Diabetes. It is not used for treating Type 1. It can also be used with other Diabetes medicines. Januvia can have side effects such as a runny nose, sore throat, headache, and nausea.

Another type of DPP-4 Inhibitor is Janumet. Janumet contains two other medicines which are Januvia and metformin. Janumet is used along with diet and exercise to lower blood sugar in people who have Type 2 Diabetes. It is an option for individuals whose blood sugar is not controlled well enough and have used Januvia or metformin in the past. It is also used for people who are either already on both Januvia and metformin for different reasons.

Janumet helps is a few ways. One way is by improving the amount of insulin after meals. It also is less likely to cause hypoglycemia. It decreases the amount of sugar produced by the body, and can also help your body handle the insulin it naturally makes.

Janumet is not right for everyone. People who have Type 1 Diabetes will not be able to take it. A person who has kidney problems is also not likely to get this medication.

Galvus is one other type of DPP-4 Inhibitor. Studies done on Galvus have showed that over one year, it reduced the level of sugar in the blood. When taking Galvus it is not likely to cause weight gain, which is a common worry amongst people with Diabetes who are watching their weight. Galvus works by lowering the blood sugar. It targets the cells that have dysfunction and appropriately responds to the sugar in blood.

DDP-4 Inhibitors have an advantage over other medications because they control glucose with stability and cause little rise in A1c levels for long amounts of time. When using other medications, over time the glucose levels will rise again. DPP-4 Inhibitors help to keep levels down for long periods of time.

DDP-4 Inhibitors are a great option for helping someone with Type 2 Diabetes. DDP-4 Inhibitors may not be suitable for everyone. If you are interested in switching to this type of medication, it is best to discuss this with your Doctor. This way you can find the perfect one for you and stay risk-free and healthy in the future.


MeglitinidesMeglitinides are commonly used with people who have Type 2 Diabetes. People who have this disease produce less insulin which makes their blood sugar levels hard to control. Meglitinides help the beta cells in the pancreas be stimulated, which results in the body producing more insulin. This helps the person’s body handle sugar glucose better and maintains lower blood glucose levels.

Meglitinides first came on the market in 1997 for the treatment of patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Normally they can be taken two to four times a day with meals. It depends on the individuals eating patterns. Meglitinides can be used with other medicines, or taken alone. The most common Meglitinides are Prandin (repaglinide) and Starlix (nateglinide). Prandin is used in addition to diet and exercise and can be taken along with other Diabetes medications. Starlix works well with patients who do exercise and watch their diet, but isn’t enough. The person’s blood sugar is still high. That is when Starlix becomes a great option to choose from. They can also be used with other medications, but the patient will have to plan with their Doctor to make sure it will be safe.

Meglitinides are similar to Sulfonylureas. The difference is, is that Meglitinides are impatient. They want insulin right away. Another difference is that in Sulfonylureas, they linger throughout your body’s system throughout the day, while Meglitinides quickly rush in and out. Since these Meglitinides act this way, they handle Type 2 Diabetes very well.

Meglitinides are not for everyone, though. Meglitinides helps people whose pancreas still produces at least a small amount of insulin. It does not particularly lower blood sugar. Therefore, it is not an option for insulin and will not work with people who have Type 1 Diabetes. Meglitinides are also not recommended for people who have physical stress from a surgery, infection, or injury. It is also important to remember that Meglitinides are taken with food. So, if you do not eat regularly, you cannot take the Meglitinides without something to eat.

Like with all other medications, Meglitinides have side-effects. The most common effect is low blood sugar, also known as Hypoglycemia. When this happens, the person will feel lightheaded, sweaty, and possibly confused. The best thing to do if this occurs is for the person to eat or drink something with glucose. Juice or milk is two options. If not treated, it could turn into Diabetic coma. If this happens, it is best to get the person emergency help. Some Meglitinides can also cause cardiac problems if used with long-acting insulin. It is also common for there to be a weight gain when using Meglitinides. Other uncommon side-effects that can occur when taking Meglitinides include chest pain, backaches, headaches, vomiting, adnominal issues, joint pains, and tingling skin.

It is important to find information about Meglitinides before you decide to take it. Some Meglitinides can interact with other medications. So before taking them you need to talk with your Doctor and review the other medications you are taking to make sure they will be fine together.