Majority of Diabetes medications are used to assist in producing more insulin for the body. Sometimes a person may need something else depending on the issue, such as pancreas problems. If this is the case, Doctors will tell their patients about Biguanides, which is different from sulfonylureas and meglitinides because it does not help the pancreas in producing more insulin, Biguanides will ignore that organ and focus on another, which is the liver.
You may be wondering why you might find Biguanides a good option for you. When the liver is doing its normal job, it slows the release of glucose when there is enough insulin in the blood. That is a good indication that there is enough sugar. The problem happens if you suffer from Type 2 Diabetes. The liver does not understand that it should slow down the release of glucose. It will continue to release the glucose which in return makes insulin harder to work properly.
Biguanides have many good uses, but the most important is that it will help the liver stop its production of the glucose in the blood. This will mean the insulin demand will be less. Biguanides have a few better positives compared to sulfonylureas and meglitinides because they will not cause hypoglycemia and also will not assist on packing on extra weight. Some people will actually lose weight.
There have been studies done about Biguanides and how well the users do while taking them. They determined that Biguanides are just as effective as sulfonylurea medications when it came to lowering blood sugar levels in people with Type 2 Diabetes. It also was found to have reduced the risk of complications in people with Diabetes who were overweight. It also did not cause them to gain more pounds. They also determined that Biguanides, specifically Metformin are just as effective and safe for children who have Type 2 Diabetes.
Just like any other medications, there are side effects when taking Biguanides. About one-third of people who use Biguanides develop gastrointestinal problems which can include upset stomach, vomiting, gas, and diarrhea. The person may feel temporarily nauseas and have loss of appetite. Headaches and fatigue can also be symptoms from taking Biguanides. Usually if the person has any of these symptoms they are not for long. It will usually dim after a week or so. A way to avoid the side effects is by taking Biguanides in smaller dosages and eventually getting them larger.
Biguanides are some of the most prescribed medicines, but they are not a good match for everyone. People who drink a lot of alcohol, have kidney or liver disease, are pregnant, are over the age of 80, or have serious asthma or lung disease are not good with Biguanides. The doctor will help the individual find a different option to help with their needs.
Biguanides may be the right option for you. It is best to learn about the different types available and talk with your healthcare provider. You and your Doctor will be able to choose the right Biguanides medication for you.