Category Archives: Insulin Pumps

An Overview Of Insulin Pumps

An Overview Of Insulin PumpsInsulin pumps are devices that are used to deliver a measured dose of insulin subcutaneously before or after meals or whenever blood sugar levels become too high. Insulin pumps are much more flexible than insulin injection methods and can help prevent many of the long term diabetes side effects that can occur when insulin is administered at less well metered doses. This article provides an overview of the technology and proper use of insulin pumps and also looks at some insulin pumping technology that is right around the corner that will make controlling insulin levels easier than ever before.

Insulin pumps use a small catheter that is placed under the skin to deliver doses of insulin as needed. Insulin pumps are typically programmed to deliver three different doses of insulin. The first is delivered continuously to meet the insulin needs of continuous metabolism. The second type of insulin delivery is a bolus delivery to cover the carbohydrates that are consumed in a meal or a snack. Most insulin pumps have buttons that will allow you to adjust the amount of insulin added based on the amount of carbohydrates in the meal or snack. Finally, insulin pumps also allow you to administer corrective doses of insulin in case the amount of insulin in the basal and bolus doses did not meet all of your insulin requirements.

Many people think that wearing an insulin pump can make it impossible to do vigorous tasks such as playing sports or jogging. This is not the case. When playing vigorous sports, you can use sturdy elastic to attach the insulin pump to your arm or chest where it should be quite secure. If you are playing an extremely physical sport such as football or rugby, it may be necessary to remove the insulin pump for the duration of the activity. If you must do this, be sure to take an extra bolus dose of insulin to make up for the basal activity that you missed during the event.

Clearly, in order to take advantage of all that insulin pumps have to offer, you have to know how to calculate and control the amount of insulin needed. The first step is to measure the amount of insulin that you use on an average day. It is best to take an average of multiple days in order to get the best approximate dose for a typical level of daily need. Once you have come up with a solid average figure, you need to divide the total dosage into basal and bolus amounts (typically forty to fifty percent for basal and fifty to sixty percent for bolus insulin). Next, you must divide the basal insulin dosage by twenty four to determine you hourly basal insulin requirements. This is the number that you will program into the insulin pump, plus any corrections that you must make for activity or for your individual metabolism.

While modern insulin pumps are a great way to ensure that your insulin is administered at highly metered doses and to keep basal rates consistent, it can still be a pain to continuously program and reprogram the pump. So called “closed loop” insulin pumps are currently in development that will allow continuously monitor blood glucose levels and supply insulin “on demand” as glucose levels fluctuate. This would remove the need for external glucose measurements (except perhaps occasional measurements to verify that the closed loop pump is operating properly). In many ways, this will constitute a replacement pancreas, and will remove many of the manual steps involved in using insulin pumps. These devices are still in development and testing, but they may one day revolutionize the treatment of diabetes.

A Review Of Insulin Pumps

A Review Of Insulin PumpsFor diabetics, insulin injections are often a way of life. Although insulin is something which used to only be administered via individual injections, it is now available by an easier administration method. Insulin pumps are the new and improved way to receive one’s insulin doses in a less painful, more exact manner. Even though these items have been around for more than 30 years, the products available today are much greater, in both quality and quantity. For those who may be interested in obtaining an insulin pump or trading their old one in for a new one, the following reviews of various insulin pumps on the consumer market today may prove helpful.

Animas 2020
Animas is a well-known manufacturer of insulin pumps. One highly thought of insulin pump model produced by this company is the Animas 2020. The Animas 2020 possesses such great attributes as a flat panel color screen with high contrast features and various information storage capabilities including prior 500 carbohydrate and blood sugar levels, last 500 boluses and generous quantities of daily totals. This model also comes complete with multiple alarm settings and ezFlip pump covers.

Deltec Cozmo
Another popular brand of insulin pump is the Deltec pump. The Deltec Cozmo is one of the newer insulin pumps produced by this company and contains almost everything one would want in an insulin pump. Being touted as one of the lightest insulin pumps on the market, this is just one of the many wonderful features of the Deltec Cozmo. Other features include no-look boluses, ability to download information to a PC, nonproprietary infusion sets and 300-unit reservoir make this a good choice for many insulin pump users.

Disetronic Spirit
The Disetronic Spirit is another choice for insulin pump shoppers to consider. Consisting of a generous 315-unit reservoir and available in 30 different colors/styles, this pump is not only useful but aesthetically pleasing as well. This model also offers 24 basals per day and is waterproof for up to an hour. Three operating menus enable the user to perform their blood glucose checks accurately and efficiently.

Medtronic MiniMed Paradigm
The oldest insulin pump company, Medtronic, offers a new type of insulin pump called the MiniMed Paradigm 522 and 722. These pumps have multiple features necessary for diabetics to keep their insulin level in check which include accommodating unit space, various carb and correction settings, choice of four infusion sets and easy clip attachment. Some of the cons which have been noted with this type of insulin pump include slow bolus delivery, expensive upgrade options and occasional loss of previously entered data. However, if one is looking for a simple pump to deliver insulin-related statistics, the MiniMed Paradigm might work just fine.

Insulet OmniPod
The Insulet company is a relatively new one in the area of insulin pumps. With that said, they are one which exhibits top-notch technology with regard to their products. The Insulet OmniPod is a new type of insulin pump which uses a two-part system to monitor one’s glucose level and administer insulin. This device does not use tubing but instead has a monitor placed on top of the skin. There is a handheld device which produces all of the required information. It is a watertight system which can go underwater up to eight feet for a period of 30 minutes. The reservoir holds 200 units and bolus increments are available in .05, .1, .5 and 1.0 quantities. An integrated food database offers an additional nicety for users to take advantage of.

Sooil DANA Diabecare II
Since 1981, Sooil has been an insulin pump provider for diabetics. The DANA Diabecare II model has almost anything an insulin pump user can want in a device of this kind. With a 300-unit reservoir, waterproof attributes, light qualities and large display screen, this insulin pump does the job with the user in mind. Some have stated that the screen does not have the best resolution but the size thereof makes it easier to read than some other insulin pumps on the market today. The 3.6-volt battery enables the DANA Diabecare II to run for approximately two to three months on one battery which provides the user with a convenience in that they do not have to change the battery as frequently as some of their insulin pump competitors. All in all, a good pump to consider using.

The Benefits Of An Insulin Pump

The Benefits Of An Insulin PumpDiabetes is a medical condition which is serious in nature but is one which can be maintained by following a few simple rules. Things such as eating healthy, keeping your blood sugar level at a favorable rate and getting a good amount of exercise will all help to keep your diabetes at a manageable level. Another way to maintain your diabetes is by using an insulin pump. The following will describe the benefits of using insulin pumps and why this type of equipment is better than the individual insulin injections.

The Benefits Of Insulin Pumps
The insulin pump is a relatively new technology which allows an individual to have a catheter inserted underneath the skin for the purpose of receiving insulin doses on an as needed basis. Based on a variety of circumstances, the insulin will be activated to ensure that one’s blood sugar level is maintained and level. There are many benefits to having this type of insulin delivering contraption and it is important to review these benefits to determine if an insulin pump is right for you.

The first benefit of an insulin pump is that it allows an individual to forego the insulin shots via a daily needle injection. Since this is an often-cited concern for diabetics, having an alternative to the old version of insulin injections is a nice thing to consider. Due to the fact that the insulin pump consists of a catheter already under the skin, the diabetic individual does not have to mess around with a single injection whenever they need some insulin.

Another benefit of using an insulin pump relates to the accuracy of the pump. The insulin pumps tend to be much more accurate than individual insulin injections. The insulin directed by a pump will always go to the right spot as opposed to individual injections which may not be accurate every single time one injects themselves with the insulin. Accuracy is crucial as it ensures that the individual is getting the right spot each and every time they need their insulin.

Insulin pumps are also known to keep the blood sugar level closer to the recommend rate than the individual insulin shots. Since insulin shots are not administered at the same time every time and it may take a while for the shot to be administered, the gap between the desired blood sugar level and the actual level is greater than with an insulin pump. By using an insulin pump, the administration is done on a timely basis each and every time it is needed.

This type of insulin administration allows diabetic individuals to achieve a greater quality of life overall. No longer will they have to be close to a refrigerator in order to get to their insulin and diabetics who use insulin pumps can spend their day as they please with their insulin right by their side. In addition, the insulin pump tends to anticipate when a dose is needed and it is done before it is too late and the individual is at risk for insulin shock. The improvement in one’s quality of life can definitely be felt when using an insulin pump for their dosage needs.

Lastly, insulin pumps often take away the need for large quantities of carbohydrates prior to engaging in exercise of any type. With the old way of insulin injections, one would have to eat a great amount of carbs prior to hitting the basketball court or going for a run as one’s blood sugar level is at a higher risk for getting off target after exercise. In the past, one would have to have a meal complete with carbohydrates in order to keep the blood sugar level at a good rate. Today, insulin pumps allow the individual to exercise without having to eat the large amounts of carbohydrates as the pump will compensate for any gap in the blood sugar level which occurs. Again, insulin pumps offer a freedom which was not present with the individual insulin injections.

Animas 2020 Insulin Pump

Animas 2020 Insulin PumpThe Animas 2020 insulin pump allows a diabetic to take advantage of the latest technological innovations. At the same time, the backup for that pump guarantees delivery of traditional benefits, benefits that are of equal importance. A diabetes patient with an Animas 2020 insulin pump can obtain useful guidance and service.

A user of the Animas 2020 insulin pump can plan to contact Animas representatives at any time of the day. Animas’ literature promises the 24 hour availability of the company’s telephone guides. In addition, Animas makes a point of providing pump users with a multi-faceted type of support.

Animas 2020 owners can easily contact the company for help with the interpretation of data, which is displayed on the pump. The user of an Animas 2020 pump should have little trouble reading the displayed data. The pump has a flat panel with a high-contrast color screen. That screen, a screen that resembles the screen on a digital camera, is self-illuminating. It also has a wide angle view.

Software installed in the pump permits the calculation of certain quantities of insulin. Those quantities are then displayed on the pump’s screen. The pump can display the number of carbohydrates in hundreds of foods. The holder of an Animas 2020 insulin pump can thus consult the pump software to calculate the ideal portion size to use during any meal.

A diabetes patient with an insulin pump uses it to administer a bolus dose of insulin prior to eating. The amount of insulin in that dose should reflect the number of carbohydrates that the pump wearer plans to consume. Diabetics who are familiar with the function of the bolus dose should appreciate the “suspend feature” on the Animas 2020 insulin pump.

By using the suspend feature, a pump wearer can call for immediate changes in the scheduled bolus dose. That way, the pump wearer can feel free to make a sudden change in his or her selections from a menu. The pump can be programmed to handle whatever added carbohydrates might be ingested, as a result of the new menu selection.

The bolus dose of insulin supplements the basal dose. The Animas 2020 gives the pump wearer greater flexibility when programming the pump to deliver the appropriate level of basal insulin. The Animas 2020 has the lowest basal insulin rate available.

The Animas 2020 has a minimum basal insulin rate of 0.025 U per hour. That minimum rate is only one half of the minimum rate on most pumps (0.05 U per hour). The pump wearer thus finds it easier to program the pump to a basal rate, a rate that suits the needs of the diabetic who must rely on that insulin.

The Animas 2020 insulin pump has multiple, customizable basal programming. Therefore, the Animas pump can be set to deliver a basal dose that matches with the schedule or the activities of the pump wearer. When does one need to reprogram a pump? Suppose that a patient with diabetes works nights. That night-working diabetic needs to program his or her pump so that the basal dose changes in accordance with the unusual schedule of the diabetic. Suppose that a diabetic plans to participate in a marathon. On race day, he or she needs to adjust the basal rate on his or her insulin pump, so that the runner does not become deprived of glucose during the long race.

The Animas 2020 insulin pump facilitates the storage of vital information. The pump can store the last 500 blood glucose values, values recorded after the ingestion of a given number of carbohydrates. The pump can also store the last 500 bolus insulin doses. The pump wearer can retrieve that stored information and share it with a physician.

A diabetic with an older Animas pump does not have to envy the older of an Animas 2020 pump. An older Animas pump can be converted to a 2020 pump. The “ezAccess Program” allows that conversion to take place.

The Animas 2020 insulin pump is a waterproof device. The pump has been designed to withstand extremes in temperature. The casing on the pump allows the pump to function after it is subjected to the sort of forces that it might feel while the pump wearer engages in some form of exercise.

Still, the Animas 2020 insulin pump is not a flawless pump. Some diabetes patients have objected to the placement of certain items among the menu of features that are displayed on the pump’s screen. The “Suspend Feature” is rather high on that list. Some pump wearers have indicated that they would prefer a lower placement for that feature.

The Animas 2020 insulin pump does not have a continuous blood glucose monitor. Animas researchers do have such a monitor in development. They are working towards production of a pump with an implanted sensor. Such a sensor would pick-up infrared rays and would send the readings to a wristwatch.

At the present time, the Animas 2020 pump does not take direct input from a blood glucose meter. Yet designers of the Animas pump realize that modern technology permits the development of a device that would allow for such direct input. Engineers and researchers have such a device in the early stages of development.

While working on improvements to its pump, the company that makes the Animas 2020 pump also takes part in a joint activity with the Diabetes Trust Fund. Those activities concern the delivery of Animas 2020 pumps. The Fund and Animas deliver those pumps to low income families, families who have a child with diabetes.

Manufacturer Animas
Retail Price $8,843.00

Deltec Cozmo Insulin Pump

Deltec Cozmo Insulin PumpThe makers of the Deltec Cozmo insulin pump have allowed a patient with diabetes to look to a single instrument for help with satisfying the essential needs of every diabetic patient. The Deltic Cozmo insulin pump has an integrated pump and blood glucose monitor. The monitor sends the results of each blood glucose test to the software that is in the Deltec Cozmo pump.

The pump software stores the results of the past blood glucose tests. The pump can help a diabetes patient to remember the need for performing an additional blood glucose test. The pump can be set to send reminders about an approaching testing time, a time when the pump expects to receive the reading from yet another blood glucose test.

The Deltec Cozmo insulin pump decreases the risk that the pump wearer might experience an unexpected high blood glucose level. The Deltec Cozmo pump can calculate the number of carbohydrates in a meal, and can suggest the appropriate bolus dose, the dose of insulin that should be pumped into the body before the meal. The Deltec delivers the bolus dose according to the units of insulin in that pump-in dose.

While wearing a Deltec Cozmo pump can give the pump software added information. If the pump wearer has favorite foods, or favorite meals, then the contents of the food/meal can be entered into the pump software. The CozFoods feature on the pump provides the mechanism for giving the pump software that added information.

Armed with information about a pump wearer’s favorite foods, a Deltec Cozmo pump is better prepared to make a rapid determination of the needed bolus dose for any meal. The pump wearer can control the rate at which the bolus dose enters his or her body. The bolus dose can be delivered in a brief minute, or it can enter the body over a period of two, three, four or even five minutes.

The ability of the diabetic to control the bolus dose on a Deltec Cozmo pump mirrors the control of the basal dose delivered by the pump. The basal dose is the minimum amount of insulin, the amount that enters the blood stream at all times. The pump releases a dose of basal insulin every three minutes.

A diabetes patient who wears a Deltec Cozmo pump can set the basal insulin dose to agree with his or her weekly schedule. The software in the pump can change the basal dose from one day to the next. The software can call-up a different insulin delivery schedule for each day of the week.

The Deltec Cozmo insulin pump is a waterproof device. The pump obtains the insulin from a plastic, removable cartridge. Each cartridge holds 300 units of insulin. A clear gauge makes it easy to see when the pump needs a new insulin-holding cartridge.

Those who might be thinking about buying a Deltec Cozmo pump should know that the pump will not work with just any cartridge. The Deltec Cozmo pump requires a Smith’s medical cartridge. That cartridge fits into the tiny cartridge space that is found in the Deltec Cozmo pump.

The Deltec Cozmo pump is about the size of a cell phone. Still the pump has clear and unmistakable numbers and letters on its display screen. The nature of the screen window makes the numbers and figures easy to read.

The pump can be temporarily disconnected from the site at which the insulin enters the patient’s body. The pump can remain detached from the implant site for a period of 15 minutes to two hours. The Deltec Cozmo pump can be set to deliver a bolus dose of insulin before the pump becomes detached from the location of the implant.

The insulin pump will respond to CoZmanager 2.0 PC communications software. Once given that software program, the Deltec pump can truly personalize the nature of its changing basal and bolus insulin doses. The re-programmed pump also offers more assistance with the reporting of the blood glucose levels (as determined from the test results).

It will help to avoid the occurrence of bolus stacking. The Deltec Cozmo insulin pump carefully tracks the “Active Insulin in the Blood.” The pump offers assurance that the pump wearer will not forget that he or she has just called for a bolus dose of insulin, and will thus request a second, an unnecessary dose.

Special security controls are included. Those controls restrict the number of people who can re-program the pump. Such reprogramming can be performed only by a select few, namely those who have been supplied with the needed password.

It’s a lot like a PDA. It can be programmed to respond to the needs of an expected schedule. The pump software can receive input about that expected schedule. The pump can then adjust the bolus and or basal rate according to the provided schedule.

The Deltec Cozmo pump helps the diabetic patient to achieve a more precise insulin dosing. The precise delivery of the bolus and basal insulin allows the pump to facilitate the maintenance of a desirable blood glucose level in the bloodstream.

The integration of the blood glucose monitor and the insulin pump is the newest feature on the Deltec Cozmo pump. Still, it should not be viewed as the last new feature. The researchers at the plant that makes the Deltec Cozmo pump continue to search for more ways by which to bring their pump closer to the “ideal pump,” the pump envisioned by the average diabetes patient.

Manufacturer Smiths Medical
Retail Price $7,549.85